Nibung (Oncosperma tigillarium) | Flora Identity Riau Province

Nibung Tree
Flora Identity Riau province is "Nibung (Oncosperma tigillarium)" is a kind of palm tree plantations (palm) that grows in Southeast Asia, including nearly all regions of Indonesia. Nibung (Oncosperma tigillarium) includes groups that normally grows wild Palem, grew to like the bamboo grove. One Palm Nibung having 50-30 tillers. High stem / tree can reach 30 meters Nibung, straight and barbed stem diameters of about 20 cm. Stems and leaves are covered by long spines of black.

Nibung trees which usually grow in Riau regarded as a symbol of community spirit of unity and brotherhood of Riau therefore not be surprised if the tree flora Nibung set as the identity of the Riau province. Nibung tree that looks like Penang and stems are also resistant despite hundreds years immersed in sea water usually grow around the coast, such as Meranti Bay District area and Kuala Kampar - Riau.

Even at the first monarchy era so hard "Nibung wood" was used as a nail that connects two sections of wood. Nibung tree can also be used for the floors and plumbing. Nibung tree leaves used for roofing houses and woven baskets.

Nibung flower scent of rice can be stored. Palm inflorescence and flower buds can be made vegetable and fruit can also be used as a substitute for betel nut eating friends. thorn Nibung called pating nails used as ceremonial offerings buildings. Milestones "kelong" or "chart" in the sea to catch fish is made from tree Nibung embedded into the seabed.

Palem Nibung been merged with the Riau community life since time immemorial. This situation can be evidenced by the number of places such as Cape Nibung, Gulf Nibung that perpetuate the name of this plant. Besides this association also appears in the rhyme or traditional expression. Sticks ceremonial Nibung / Sticks Ruyung Nibung role as the symbol size in the past to the cultural life of Riau Malays. So that the stick can be used as a kind of emblem Nibung honor for someone who is considered to be meritorious, or people who become well respected elder or elder.

Nibung wood is very strong and resistant weathered so widely used as a pillar of the houses do the coastal areas of Sumatra and Kalimantan river. The wood is also used for fish nets (on Borneo). This is based on research that found the Institute for Archaeology Palembang ancient settlements in the region Ages 11-13 peaty land Berbak Delta / Delta Sabak, East Tanjung Jabung district, Jambi Province. From the research activities that take up three times, and ending May 26, 2008 then, the team found many milestones Nibung wood used as building houses residents in peaty areas in the past.

Wooden pillar was still stuck on the ground, but the team no longer find any building on it. The presence of wood that are still forming Nibung this milestone to be a strong indication of the existence of the settlements. Time is also known to human activity with the findings with a number of ceramic decorative motifs, wooden pegs and woven palm fiber rope, and pottery which is thought to be relics of the Song Dynasty, Ages 11-13. In addition, the research team also found a number of ceramics, pottery, and beads relics of the Song Dynasty.

Strength Nibung tree was even a proverbial "nibung bangsai bertaruk muda" who described the man who is still youthful and strong, as strong as Nibung tree.

Where Nibung tree of life, there are clear water springs, so said the elders first. Nibung tree saplings live clustered with 5-30. Nibung tree leaf is composed of single pinnate compound (pinnate) is almost similar to the coconut leaf edges slightly curved and the kids down so that the canopy leaves her beautiful. Inflorescence stems of bright yellow color. Nibung tree-shaped flower bunches that hang like Virgin coconut, yellow grain color purple. In each Mayang there two types of flowers, male flowers and female flowers. Generally a female flower flanked by two male flowers. Sheath wrapping its also spiked inflorescence. Round fruit, seed a smooth surface dark purple color.

Tree Nibung (Oncosperma tigillarium) which in various local languages in Indonesia:
* Nibung (Batak)
* Libung (Aceh)
* Alibuk (Mentawai)
* Hoya (Nias)
* Hanibung (Lampung)
* Kandibong (Sampit)
* Erang, Handiwung, Liwung (Sunda)
* Gendiwung (Jawa)
* Nibong atau Palm (Inggris)

Scientific classification Nibung Tree (Oncosperma tigillarium):
Kingdom: Plantae.
Division: Magnoliophyta.
Class: Liliopsida.
Order: Arecales.
Family: Arecaceae.
Genus: Oncosperma.
Species: Oncosperma tigillarium.
Binomial name: Oncosperma tigillarium Synonym: Oncosperma filamentosum